Intelligent computers in movies, television, and books
A brief summary of intelligent computers in movies, television, and books.
Computer or A.I. characters in Sci-fi

    * Movies
          o HAL-9000. One of the most famous.
          o SAL-9000. His sister.
          o The Master Control Program a.k.a. MCP in Tron.
          o SKYNET from the Terminator movies, despite not having any screen time.
          o The Puppetmaster a.k.a. Project 2501 in Ghost in the Shell.
          o Colossus - from the eponymous movie.
          o Mother and Father - from the Alien movie series. 

    * Television
          o ORAC - smartass from Blake's 7.
          o Eddie the Shipboard Computer - from Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.
          o Dr. Theophilus - from the Buck Rogers in the 25th Century TV show (he wasn't mobile, he was a frisbee).
          o Antikythera - From Dr. Who.
          o Holly - from Red Dwarf.
          o Joshua - in War Games.
          o K.I.T.T. (and K.A.R.R.) from Knight Rider, although this is on the edge, as they were mobile. (thanks rootbeer77!)
          o The Matrix.
          o Melchior, Balthasar, and Caspar (spelling help from lj - thanks!) - from Neon Genesis Evangelion. 

    * Books
          o Neuromancer and Wintermute from William Gibson's Neuromancer
          o Continuity from Mona Lisa Overdrive by William Gibson (thanks Zerotime!)
          o AIVAS from the Pern series by Anne McCaffrey (also from Zerotime)
          o Frost, The Beta-Machine, Divcom and Solcom from Roger Zelazny's excellent For A Breath I Tarry.
          o H.A.R.L.I.E. from When HARLIE was one
          o VISAR, JEVEX and Zorac, the Shapieron's computer from James P. Hogan's Giants Trilogy.
          o Cortana from Halo: the Fall of Reach and the game Halo (Thanks mirv!)
          o Jane from the Ender trilogy.
          o Aleph, Memex (aka HeyMex) and the Adviser (aka Mr Johnson) From Tom Maddox's superb novel Halo.
          o Mandrake - Jack Butler's novel Nightshade.
          o Mycroft Holmes - Heinlein's The Moon Is A Harsh Mistress.
          o Minerva, Athene and Gay Deceiver - Time Enough For Love and its sequels.
          o The Librarian - from Snow Crash.
          o Ghostwheel - from the Amber series by Zelazny.
          o AM - in Harlan Ellison's I Have No Mouth, And I Must Scream.
          o The Central Computer ("CC") from John Varley's Steel Beach.
          o Master System - from Jack L. Chalker's series, The Rings of the Master.
          o Big Boppers - from Rudy Rucker's Software, offers eponymous.
          o The First Sirian Bank from Terry Pratchett's book The Dark Side of the Sun, contributed by Zerotime.
          o Melchizedek, the computer which runs Salem in the manga Gun Dream, a.k.a. Battle Angel Alita (from Glowing Fish).
          o Hex from the Discworld series, also by Pratchett, contributed by Uberbanana.
          o Deep Thought from Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, since as Uberbanana points out he's got a (critical) speaking part.
          o Hactar from Life, the Universe and Everything, according to Oneiromancer and Polkovnik.
          o The Solid State Entity from Neverness, by Zindell, contributed by auraseer. 

    * Games, RPG
          o The Computer from Paranoia! (thanks again mirv!)
          o SHODAN - System Shock.
          o Xerxes - System Shock 2.
          o Ava Johnson, Daedalus, Icarus, and Helios - AIs from Deus Ex.
          o Durandal - he is the star in the Marathon FPS series for the Macintosh. 

    * Star Trek: TOS gets its own section. See also The Star Trek Project for more/better info!
          o M-5 Duotronic - The Ultimate Computer (TOS)
          o Landru - Return of the Archons (TOS)
          o Losira - That Which Survives (TOS)
          o Vaal - The Apple (TOS)
          o The Oracle - For the World is Hollow, and I Have Touched the Sky (TOS)
          o The Guardian Of Forever - The City on the Edge of Forever (TOS) 

Media Lab Overview
LIACS Homepage
MM Conf
ACM Multimedia
ACM ICMR
IAPR ICPR
Science Direct
IEEE Library
LIACS Publications
ACM Digital Library